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Conduct Risk should not be underestimated during IBOR Transition

With little more than two years to go, Libor’s cessation date continues to near. The voluntary agreement of panel banks submitting to Libor will conclude at the end of 2021, from which risk-free rates (RFR) are expected to replace Libor and similar indices.

Are corporates paying enough attention to Libor updates?

Libor’s cessation should be of concern to many – if not all – market participants: financial institutions and corporates alike. Banks, asset and wealth managers, insurers, retail banks, building societies and mortgage lenders, and other financial intermediaries are likely to have primary exposure to Libor-linked products, however, corporates should also be aware of Libor consultation updates. Product hedges, debt issuances, credit lines, and any other Libor-linked exposures may pose risks across firms’ business lines and strategies.

Libor underpins a variety of fixed income products: notably mortgages, commercial and personal loans, bonds, securitisations, and derivatives. The move to RFRs means all products firms may hold on or off their balance sheets are susceptible to IBOR transition risks.

The FCA expects Senior Managers and boards to understand the risks associated with Libor transition. Senior management should act to transfer exposures to RFRs ahead of the Libor cessation date. This means firms need to implement a robust governance in their risk mitigation arrangements, including the identification and appointment of Senior Manager(s) with the relevant expertise and responsibilities of overseeing Libor transition under the FCA’s Senior Managers and Certification Regime (SM&CR).

Senior Managers and their firms need to approach Libor transition with potential conduct risk in mind.

Senior Managers and their firms need to approach Libor transition with due diligence and care to identify and transfer their Libor-linked exposures to RFR in a timely manner, bearing in mind the potential conduct risk. Although the FCA does not have a strict definition of conduct risk, in its Retail Conduct Risk Outlook 2011 report, the FCA referred to conduct risk as ‘…the risk that firm behaviour will result in poor outcomes for customers’.[1]

Conduct risk may emerge in a variety of ways, however, in the context of Libor transition, is more likely to emerge from a lack of preparation in the identification of Libor-linked products and slow implementation of a robust IBOR-fallback plan. There is no one-size-fits-all framework for conduct risk, so the onus is on firms to define their conduct risks and carry out regular reviews to ensure their definitions continue to be fit for purpose.

In their recent publication ‘Conduct risk during LIBOR transition’,[2] the FCA stipulated guidance for replacing Libor with the SONIA RFR in existing contracts and products. To ensure firms continue to operate effectively and maintain their responsibilities toward clients, firms need to:

  • Amend existing contracts with robust fallback provisions and/or convert the contract to reference the appropriate RFR
  • Manage the liquidity of the Libor-pegged instrument and prepare for the risk of insufficient transaction data in building out the rate curve
  • Ensure clients are treated fairly throughout the transition process, specifically with regard to the contract amendment process
  • Maintain consistent and continual communications with relevant stakeholders throughout the transition process
  • Engage further with clients and stakeholders to keep them aware as well as provide education on general provisions and timings of the Libor transition roll-out
  • Aim to issue new RFR-linked products
  • Understand any and all issues which may relate to SONIA-issuance, from legal papering to calculation methods
  • Overarchingly, act in the best interest of their customers and maintain high standards whenever and wherever possible

Additionally, the FCA’s conduct risk guidance underscores the imperative for firms to continually act in best interest of their clients. Remaining aware of the pitfalls of IBOR transition are essential to maintaining clients’ best interests, and the FCA has made it clear it will challenge instances where they believe firms may be taking advantage of or, treating their clients unfairly.

However, upsides in the transition process are possible for firms who do understand the requirements of IBOR transition measures. For example, opportunities will come to fruition as firms who get ahead develop new products to meet client needs.[3] To ensure success in this regard, it is imperative for firms to acknowledge the importance of early mover advantage in building out their Libor transition programmes.

The Libor transition poses a significant hurdle for market participants, who face a variety of risks and significant cost in transitioning their Libor exposures to SONIA – or any other RFRs.  Although retail or corporate clients may prefer their financial institutions to provide comprehensive and aggregated information regarding each clients’ individual Libor-linked exposures, such work can be exceedingly challenging – if not impossible – for financial institutions to deliver. Some of the reasons may be the existence of regulatory or legal requirements, such as Chinese walls between different businesses, (e.g. investment banking and trading businesses), legal and regulatory differences across jurisdictions, etc.

All firms with Libor-linked exposures need to engage and develop appropriate guidance to meet the challenges ahead. They should be continually assessing their obligations, both to their clients and to their own business strategies. Additionally, ensuring that there are records of appropriate due diligence being continually performed is a must as, the FCA will likely challenge how institutions have considered mitigated conduct risk in the lead-up to IBOR transition. To conclude, at any point in time during the transition period, firms should keep in mind that they have a fundamental obligation to act with ‘due skill, care, and diligence’ to ensure conduct risk is minimised throughout firms’ IBOR transition.

Article written by Sophia Chiang (Associate at Mazars UK)


[1] https://www.fca.org.uk/publication/business-plans/fsa-rcro.pdf

[2] https://www.fca.org.uk/markets/libor/conduct-risk-during-libor-transition

[3] https://www.icaew.com/technical/financial-services/financial-services-faculty/fs-focus-magazine/previous-editions-of-fs-focus/fs-focus-2019-issues/june-2019/libor-transition-what-firms-need-to-do-and-what-are-the-risks

Pauline Pélissier

Director - Financial Services consulting

Pauline is a Director within Mazars’ dedicated UK Financial Services Consulting team. She has more than 10 years of experience in financial services and is an expert in Market Risks and Capital Investment Banking. She started her career as an external auditor in France in 2007. Since then she has been leading on-site teams on statutory audit and consulting assignments in banking (CIB, Project Financing, Consumer Financing, ALM). She was the engagement senior manager for global systemic French banks. As an expert on financial instruments she supports assignments dealing with valuation policies, governance and process for financial instruments, risk measurement methodologies and framework, and risk management.
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