Digital transformation and integration with Enterprise Risk Management
Digital transformation and integration with Enterprise Risk Management
Fri 16 Feb 2018
Digital transformation has expanded the need for security, continuity and resilience. Today’s business must embrace an enterprise risk management strategy that includes legal, regulatory and political considerations.
Enterprises today face a significant level of security challenges across their organizations. IT is no longer a secondary priority; it is now at the very heart of the enterprise and is becoming more complex. In the current landscape, security considerations have grown from preserving data confidentiality and maintaining core applications and networks to become a much larger conversation around managing organizational risk and exposure, including cyber resilience and readiness in the face of attacks.
Digital transformation presents new risks which requires companies to have complete visibility across their traditional and cloud environments, extremely well-defined access controls and owners, and even separate security strategies for on-premises systems and cloud applications. Hence digital transformation discussions should include decision makers such as chief risk officer, CIO, CEO and line-of-business executives.
In today’s world, security risk assessments is a necessity and should be embedded into all applications as the first line of defense, at the outset of any project. Industry best practices have developed an appropriate DevSecOps approach – where security is considered as code and written into the application to make this possible.
However, security considerations have grown from preserving data confidentiality and maintaining core applications and networks to become a much larger conversation around managing organizational risk and exposure, including cyber resilience and readiness in the face of attacks.
IT don’t own the applications anymore. Multiple business owners and stakeholders are building/moving business critical applications to the cloud. As agile methodologies are adopted and cloud infrastructure removes the inertia in spinning up and testing new services, how do security strategies evolve to reflect this agile approach?
To become resilient in today’s dynamic business environment, IT, cybersecurity professionals, application developers and CRO must engage in ongoing dialogue about the balance of risk versus opportunity. To balance these risks and rewards, stakeholders will need to consider the organization’s overall strategy, risk appetite, new business opportunities and current challenges.
CRO’s are incorporating discussion about cyber risk and other threats into the overall business strategy is much more effective than simply reacting to the latest “cyber scare.”
While it may be difficult at first for enterprises to gain a transparent view of threats, it is more likely to be achieved when concerned stakeholders engage in timely, ongoing and proactive risk dialogues. For instance, a move to the cloud might expose the organization to new cyber-risks, but it can also deliver huge gains such as increased capacity, greater flexibility and reduced capital expenses.
Digital transformation changes business models by enabling new types of interactions across the enterprise and with customers, partners and suppliers. These are obviously good outcomes, but these new connections also mean new external threats and a new risk profile. This is where preparedness becomes crucial. We advise clients to adopt a structured approach to cyber resilience, where security is built into the fabric of the enterprise right from the start, rather than being bolted on at the end — or worse, after an incident happens.
Any successful digital transformation journey must involve greater cooperation and understanding between IT decision makers and business decision makers. The former need to gain the trust of the latter to efficiently and effectively deliver what is needed, when needed, so that IT and the business establish strong, collaborative relationships.
In today’s era of digital transformation, being proactive about security by constantly identifying, assessing, monitoring, preparing incident response teams and cyber crisis management teams couldn’t be more relevant.
As cyber-attacks increasingly threaten every aspect of business and grow in volume and scale, companies are required to address cybersecurity risk holistically, integrating it more aggressively into their enterprise risk management.
In 2017, cyber attackers created havoc through a range of levers, from phishing attacks that influenced political campaigns to ransomware cryptoworms that infiltrated operating systems on a global scale. With the growth of the Internet of Things (IoT), we have also witnessed a proliferation of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks on IoT devices, crippling the device’s functionality.
In 2018, a heightened cyber exposure is anticipated due to a convergence of three trends:
- first, companies’ increasing reliance on technology;
- second, regulators’ intensified focus on protecting consumer data; and
- third, the rising value of non-physical assets.
Such heightened exposure will require an integrated cybersecurity approach to both business culture and risk management frameworks. Chief risk officers are taking center stage to manage cyber as an enterprise risk.
Enterprise risk management (ERM) has emerged as a best practice in gaining an overview of strategic, financial and operational threats, and in determining how to mitigate and manage those risks.
A comprehensive approach to risk management is important because it helps management comprehend the true potential of threats and allows organizations to address the cumulative nature of risk.
Want to get notified when new blog posts are published?Subscribe
EUROFI financial forum: strengthening economic union and European competitiveness
The Eurofi financial forum is a setting for exchanges between European Union (EU) economic and financial regulators and senior financial sector executives from the industry. It occurs bi-annually alongside the Economic and Financial Affairs Council configuration (ECOFIN) meetings. This summary takes stock of the Eurofi discussions, as well as recent publications by the EU Commission […]
New DORA regulation: the challenge for insurers to strengthen their IT and cyber risk management
Since the onset of 2023, regulatory news has been adorned with the latest European legislation, under the acronym DORA, adopted on 10 November 2022 by the European Parliament. Standing for the Digital Operational Resilience Act, it will apply to the members of the European Union from 2025, and concerns companies in the financial sector specifically. […]
Evolving role of AI with cyber risk
Cyber as an organsational risk In 93% of data breaches, the targeted systems were compromised within minutes. 83% of the time, those breaches were not discovered for weeks, leaving the attackers with plenty of time to do their damage and exfiltrate data. The average consolidated total cost of a U.S. data breach in 2016 was […]
New-style cyber insurance policy models on the rise
Regardless of geography or business sector, many groups and companies have taken out cybersecurity insurance policies in recent years. These policies cover companies against new threats to information systems, including ransomware and data theft incidents that have been making the headlines. For a long time, the risks identified in these policies were on the borderline […]
An interview with Ian-Edward Stafrace of Atlas Insurance PCC : Embracing and enabling insurance disruption
As chief risk officer and executive committee member of Atlas Insurance PCC, Ian-Edward Stafrace is passionate about effective enterprise risk management and seeking opportunity from risk. Here Alan Craig and Enrico Federici of Mazars in Malta, talk to him about technological, regulatory and business model changes and how protected cells are enabling innovation. What do […]
Optimizing claims: a Big opportunity for Big Data Advanced Analytics
Thanks to Advanced Analytics, insurance providers can bring claims management into a new era by combining automatic processing of large volumes of data with human expertise. Analyzing data in order to optimize the claims processing chain is not a new phenomenon for insurance providers, notably in the field of health care. The health care sector […]
New regulatory requirements for insurance companies – focus on Germany
Because of its importance in society, the insurance industry has always faced a considerable amount of regulatory requirements at the national (BaFin) and international (EIOPA) level. Although this is generally something to be welcomed, this also presents a range of different challenges – not least because the regulations have indirect effects and unintended side effects. […]
Digitalization at the heart of the transformation of AXA Assistance
Digitalization poses many challenges for AXA Assistance as well as bringing great opportunities. Alexis de Schonen, Digital Transformation and Strategy Director, and Roman Puszka, Chief Compliance Officer and Data Privacy Officer, discuss this issue. Does digitalization play a central role at AXA Assistance? And if so, which one? Alexis de Schonen : Digitalization is the […]
How the insurance industry can emerge stronger
There is little doubt that Covid-19 has had a significant impact on insurers, but there were already factors in play that were adding pressure on the insurance industry. What covid-19 has done is to create new challenges, as well as bringing existing challenges to the foreground. Looking ahead, the actions insurers take now to deal […]
Remote working: A growing target for hackers
The widespread use of working from home (WFH) during the pandemic, regardless of sector or geographical location has required organisations and their information systems (IS) management to be very agile in deploying or increasing their capacity for remote collaboration. Some institutions were already prepared – for example, following the wave of strikes at the end […]
Creating a Digital Map for Unclaimed Policies
3 Questions to Mister Doe When it comes to the administration of dormant bank accounts and unclaimed life policies, the quality of data, the inflexibility of internal procedures and complex processing is causing banks and insurers big problems. Vladimir Nguekam, CEO of digital analytical firm Mister Doe talks to Mazars about how taking a digital approach […]
DORA: how to move from operational risk management to operational resilience?
DORA (the Digital Operational Resilience Act) is the key regulatory outlook for IT and Cyber risk between now and 2025. The European Supervisory Agencies have sought to strengthen the resilience of institutions by emphasising the need to evolve the approach to operational risk management, of which information and communication technology risks are a part. DORA […]
IIF annual membership meeting: building resilience amid turbulence and transformation
The IIF Annual Membership meeting is a setting for insights and perspectives from global financial regulators and senior financial sector executives on topical economic and regulatory issues. Being a forum with global coverage means that it is a valuable setting for picking up future economic and regulatory directions. A packed agenda under the theme of Building […]
How insurers can make sense of risk
With Solvency II fully in force, the insurance industry has entered a new phase of transformational development. For many insurance companies, Solvency II has provided the opportunity to make better sense of risk and yet, insurance companies continue to operate using risk management programs that have not evolved and may not protect them from the […]
Impacts and consequences of the war in Ukraine for banks and insurance companies
The war in Ukraine, as well as the unprecedented sanctions imposed by the European Union, the United States and their partners against Russia have had major consequences for financial services institutions. For foreign companies operating in Russia or Ukraine, the first concern was the safety of their staff. They had to make difficult choices to […]
Managing Operational Risk
In recent years, we have seen a tremendous surge of interest in measuring and managing operational risks, both as a result of regulatory developments in corporate governance and capital adequacy, as well as due to a growing realisation that an enterprise-wide view of risk management is simply good business (those familiar with ISO9001 Quality Management […]
Will the emergence of big data analytics lead to a new wave of regulation in the financial sector?
Big data analytics is one of the most discussed topics in the world of finance. Application of these methods has led to better assessment of credit quality, improved pricing of insurance contracts as well as automation of client interaction. Processes that were previously cumbersome, such as customer on-boarding, have been streamlined and their costs drastically […]
A sector undergoing transformation – changes in insurance companies’ business models
In the financial industry in general and the insurance sector in particular, traditional business models are increasingly coming under pressure – a trend that reflects technological, economic and social changes. At first glance, this represents a risk for insurance firms, since conventional business models such as life assurance are hardly profitable in this new environment. […]
Introduction of prudential backstops for non-performing loans
Non-performing loans (NPLs) remain at the forefront of the European regulatory agenda, with two major consultations run by the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Commission (EC) over the recent weeks, both in relation to the introduction of minimum prudential backstops. NPLs, a longstanding hot topic in Europe In the aftermath of the great […]
Tackling the issue of NPLs: a European perspective
Because of the 2008 financial and economic crisis, banks have accumulated billions of non-performing loans (NPLs) on their balance sheets. Even 10 years after this major economic event, the situation is not yet back to normal in some countries. In the European Union, and in the Eurozone particularly, NPLs are a real concern as they […]
Ultimate Forward Rate (UFR): Why we are seeing a change to the rate curve
On 6 February 2018, EIOPA published its latest risk-free interest rate curve to be taken into account for the purposes of Solvency II calculations. Based on calculations for January 2018, the curve is slightly different from previously published curves. This is reflecting significant changes in the long-term expectations of interest rates in recent years which calculates […]
SFCR: Review of narrative reports, good practices and EIOPA recommendations
The Solvency II Directive increases the requirements for transparency vis-à-vis both the regulatory authorities and the stakeholders, including policyholders, financial analysts and investors. In this context, insurance undertakings and groups were, for the first time, required to publish a narrative report no later than 19 May 2017, known as the Solvency and Financial Condition Report […]
Managing tomorrow’s banking risks
While the banking sector has shown resilience over recent years, the economic environment and geopolitical situation remain tense. So, what does this mean for risks to the banking sector? More specifically, what is the impact on capital requirements for banks with the implementation of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR3) and the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD6), […]
FATCA and the Common Reporting Standard Applied by Life Insurers – a Few Practical Considerations
Within the insurance industry, automatic exchange of information under Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) and the Common Reporting Standard (CRS) is mainly relevant to life insurers, since non-life insurance and reinsurance activities generally do not give rise to classification and reporting obligations under these regulations. Life insurance activities (technically, the fact of issuing or […]
Sizing Up Amazon Web Services
Fintech is prominent in today’s business lexicon, having migrated from the back office to a prominent position in both consumer and commercial finance. Its core functionality on mobile devices and wide application in artificial intelligence (AI) spans blockchain, smart contracts, banking, insurance, regulation and cybersecurity. And Amazon Web Services (AWS), a major cloud player, is […]
IFRS 17 poses new challenges for the reinsurance industry
After many years of development, in May 2017, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) published a new standard for insurance contracts. Coming into effect on January 1st 2021, the IFRS 17 standard introduces a new model for accounting and measuring insurance liabilities with a framework which is substantially different from current accounting practices. While the […]
An IBOR revolution is on its way
The whole financial system relies on reference interest rates, more precisely on InterBank Offered Rates (IBORs) whose integrity and reliability have raised some concerns since the 2008 financial crisis and the LIBOR manipulation scandal. These IBORs are used to determine the unsecured short-term funding cost in the interbank market for a combination of currencies, tenors […]
Benchmark Study on Reinsurers’ Financial Communication
Reinsurance, also known as the “ insurers’ insurance ”, plays a key role in the global market economy today. Several factors, such as the strengthening of capital requirements, the increasing level of significant NAT CAT events or the need for optimal coverage is increasing the need for reinsurance. Initially, insurance companies sought partnerships with reinsurers […]
European Insurers’ IFRS 9 Benchmark Study
The new standard IFRS 9 on financial instruments has been effective starting 1st January 2018 for most entities but insurance groups have the possibility to defer its application to 2021, the year when the new standard IFRS 17 on insurance contracts will enter into force. IFRS 9 introduces numerous changes (Phase 1/ classification, Phase 2/ […]
Integrated Reporting: Towards a Global Adoption?
Integrated Reporting applies principles and concepts that are focused on bringing greater cohesion and efficiency to the reporting process, and adopting ‘integrated thinking’ as a way of breaking down internal silos and reducing duplication.The Framework has been tested and assessed during these past three years and significant ‘breakthroughs’ have been achieved. Our present paper, therefore, […]
Robo-advisors: turbo-charging the race for unit-linked sales?
With a portfolio in excess of €1300 billion in 2017, euro savings are firmly established as the preferred life-insurance product for people in France, thanks to their threefold benefits of guaranteed capital, attractive returns and instant liquidity. However, recent financial and regulatory developments raise questions as to the legitimacy of this product in the savings […]
LIBOR reform: Setting the cat among the pigeons
Could the transition period towards the new alternative Risk-Free Rates (RFRs) be more complex than initially envisaged? The speech given by Edwin Schooling Latter, Director of Markets and Wholesale Policy at the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), on the 28 January 2019, suggests this might be the case. While Mr Latter re-affirmed that the key focus […]
Real Estate Data Lake
Mass data… The real estate sector is gradually going digital, and recent constructions now incorporate equipment and connectivity to allow both use and maintenance to be optimised. However, as the renovation of the stock is naturally slow, the majority of these assets are not “connected”. Nevertheless, a great deal of data is available and constitutes […]
IBOR reform moves forward, but challenges remain
A raft of recent consultations on Ibor reform indicates that we may finally be making some progress. We have seen the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) issue another round of consultations for Inter-Bank Offered Rates (IBORs) trying to solve the issue of the spread and term adjustments in fall-back for derivatives referencing IBORs and […]
The Impact of Robotic Process Automation in Financial Services
Robotic process automation (RPA) is software that sits on a PC or workstation and is programmed to mimic the activities that a member of staff would perform. It will open applications, copy and paste data, and follow predefined rules. A robot will complete activities three to five times faster than a person. Customer satisfaction can […]
IBOR Reform – key takeaways
With significant IBOR reform on the horizon, Mazars brought together industry experts, practitioners and regulators to discuss the challenges and opportunities they face. Speakers included the Bank of England Market Division’s Alastair Hughes, EFRAG’s Didier Andries and Mazars’ IBOR lead, Pauline Pelissier. From a comprehensive and illuminating session, Pauline sums up the key takeaways: “What […]
Embracing a pattern of change: business model innovation across banking, insurance and asset management
In this third article of our thought leadership programme around the transformation of Financial Services, we are focusing on how new business models are emerging. “THIS IS A WORLD OF SIX-MONTH PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CYCLES AND CONSTANT UPDATES, PRIMARILY OF SOFTWARE, WITH A HUGE PREMIUM ON SIMPLE USER INTERFACES AND TRUSTED SECURITY.” Christine Lagarde, Managing Director […]
Data privacy – too strategic for boards to ignore
Personal data security is increasingly important, but many companies may not be ready to comply with the EU’s tough new data protection laws, which must be implemented by May 2018. All EU businesses that handle data will have to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which will require investment in systems and training […]
From Surrey to Sofia – making insurance a key driver in the race for better road safety
I was recently invited to speak at the 25th birthday conference of the Bulgarian Insurance Association in Sofia. The request came from my colleague, Thanos Petropoulos, who runs Mazars Bulgaria. As an integrated, international partnership, opportunities to work with our colleagues across borders is one of the most enjoyable parts of working at Mazars. This […]
New York Proposes Cybersecurity Regulations for Financial Services Companies
New York Department of Financial Services (DFS) has significantly raised the bar for cybersecurity programs, releasing regulations on September 13, 2016 slated to go into effect on January 1, 2017. The regulation will affect all entities with a DFS “license, registration, charter, certificate, permit, accreditation or similar authorization under the banking law, the insurance law […]
How Innovation is revolutionising the payments landscape
Financial Technology (“Fintech”) companies have kick-started a revolution in the payments landscape. Using state-of-the art technology, fintech companies are transforming how payments are transacted and processed. Banks and traditional payment providers are having to entirely rethink their approach to how they interact with innovations in order to stay on top of their game. Technological change […]
Risk culture and supervision: beyond the box-ticking exercise, striving for fair balance
Since the 2008 crisis, the financial sector has been under scrutiny. Identified as one of the crisis root causes, the importance of risk management framework and risk culture and its interconnectedness to ensure the long run financial stability of each organisation has been revealed. Accordingly, institutions are expected to develop an effective risk management framework […]
Change in French regulatory landscape for electronic money issuers
The number of electronic money players in the European market has increased in recent years, from 4 in 2010 up to 48 in 2014*. Add to this the fact that numerous players beyond the banking world have also created their own electronic money institutions, including Leetchi, Google and Amazon and the sector is now seen […]
Digital Banking: Lessons from Millennials
By 2025, The Wall Street Journal () estimated that Generation Y, also known as Millennials, would represent nearly half of the total active population in the world. The challenge for banks is to adapt their strategy to match Generation Y consumer habits and behaviours. Unlike previous generations, Millennials have the increased ability to choose between […]
The use of Big Data tools to improve the effectiveness for AML/CFT and KYC policy
A series of initiatives designed to help combat terrorism financing have put electronic payment cards in the spotlight due to the fact they guarantee anonymity in the use of small sums. Announced on 23 November 2015, these initiatives supplement the action plan for combatting the financing of the terrorism presented by the Minister on 18 […]
ICAAP / ILAAP: what will change in 2016?
Banks prepare for the reinforcement of prudential supervision via the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM). After successive waves of new regulatory requirements in recent years, the outlook for the calculation of risks and Pillar 1 capital requirements is becoming clearer. At the same time, whereas the implementation of these new requirements has and continues to mobilise […]
Data governance : the key to reconciling contradictory requirements
Confronted with legislation that is becoming increasingly constrictive, banks must optimize the management of their data. It’s a challenge that is compounded by the fact that data is often dispersed throughout information systems – a fact that aggregators are capitalising on to offer new multi-bank applications. Banks have a role to play in detecting abnormal […]
Permanent tsb: Digitalisation’s role in the ethical banking mix
The arrival of technology has been a game changer for Ireland’s banking industry. Niall O’Grady Commercial Director of permanent tsb (PTSB) talks to Liam McKenna Partner Consulting Services – Mazars Ireland, about how the bank is using digitalisation to create more meaningful relationships with customers. Liam McKenna: Where does technology fit into PTSB’s proposition – as an […]
Three Key Elements for Building an Effective Human Firewall
Cyber attacks aren’t just getting more frequent, they are also becoming significantly more vicious and sophisticated. According to the latest figures from the Ponemon Institute, the average cost of a data breach has reached nearly $6.5 million in the US, alone. Yet today’s cyber attacks have far-reaching negative impacts that continue to ripple outward long […]
Sustainable banks must manage their risks
At a time when the European Banking Authority’s stress tests have provided valuable insights into the solvency levels of European banks, these banks are continuing their efforts to formalise the conceptual and operational framework of risk management. While changes in capital requirements (the Basel Pillar 1 quantitative requirements) still command the attention of bankers and […]
Making Big Data Work
The unique business transformation attached to the digital era requires companies to respond with velocity. New systems integrating core transactional assets with mobile and social media have to be used – implying their ability to face volume. Moreover those new systems need to manage enriched operational reality and risks. Laurence Malroux, CEO and President of […]
The marriage of high tech and high finance
The lines between financial services and high technology are becoming increasingly blurred. Four major technological changes will disrupt financial services in the years ahead. In this article, written by the Economist Intelligence Unit and sponsored by Mazars, we are discussing how technological disruptors are impacting the global financial services industry. We review how C-suite financial services executives, […]
What’s at stake with the ECB draft guidance to banks on non-performing loans?
The European Central Bank (“ECB”) recently launched public consultation on guidance to banks on non-performing loans (“NPL”). Consultation periods runs until 15 of November 2016. As NPL harms the profitability, funding and capital of banks and more globally the real economy, the ECB issued this guidance, aiming to achieve common practices for how to handle […]
Creating a compliance pathway for dealing with NPLs
Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) are a key issue and will continue to be on the European agenda as a top priority for a long time. On the one hand, the ECB guidelines are already applicable, as they represent a best practice reference for the day-by-day work of the Joint Supervisory Teams. On the other hand, the […]
Empower your people to protect the bank
Cyberattacks aren’t just getting more frequent, they are also becoming significantly more vicious and sophisticated. The majority of today’s data breaches result from human error, making cybersecurity a “people problem” as well as a technology issue. The solution to this people problem can’t be solved by purchasing new hardware or software or implementing sophisticated network […]
Do Androids Dream of Stock Prices?
We look at the rise of ‘robostocks’ and algorithmic trading, and consider the repercussions on financial markets. An old investment adage mockingly states that “a failed trade becomes a long term investment”. The idea behind it is that if a security is bought and underperforms, investors tend to keep it until it eventually becomes profitable, […]
Infrastructure Investments: the Impact on Solvency II Balance Sheets for Insurers
Background and issues The Cambridge dictionary defines ‘infrastructure’ as ‘the basic systems and services that a country or organisation uses to work effectively’. This rather broad definition covers a wide range of assets at the heart of economic activity: they do not just provide a service to an individual or enterprise, but to economic agents […]
A closer look at the factors underlying the decision to sell NPLs in Italy
There is a clear pipeline of jumbo disposal Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) in Italy, thanks to the ECB push, however vendors will need to take into careful consideration a few factors in their decision, such as recent regulatory reforms of insolvency and foreclosure and a possible EU bad bank. 1. ECB Push Europe’s NPL assets are […]
Challenges Facing the Insurance Sector : An Interview with AXA Group’s CFO Gérald Harlin
Since 2010, Gérald Harlin has been Group Chief Financial Officer and a member of the Group’s Executive Committee since July 2008. As of July 1st, 2016, he joined the Group’s Management Committee.Here he talks about AXA’s response to challenges facing the insurance sector. What will be the most important issues for the insurance sector in […]
Is SOFR the ultimate replacement for USD LIBOR?
Financial market participants – at least the largest ones – are actively preparing for the expected discontinuation of the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) after 2021. Transitioning towards a LIBOR-free world is a challenge that requires the involvement and coordination of the whole industry in order to find appropriate solutions to replace the 35 different […]
TRIM: Is Winter Coming for Internal Models?
Measuring banking risks is a difficult exercise, but striking a balance between simplistic and overly complex measurement techniques is the key to accurate risk measurement. This was the substance of the European Central Bank’s (ECB) Chair of the Supervisory Board, Danièle Nouy, in a speech at the Austrian Chamber of Commerce in Vienna, on 2nd […]
Podcast: Why banks need to address cyber security
In this podcast Greg Simpson discusses cyber security with our expert Francisco Sanches. They discuss major threats such as emerging risks, FCA guidance on cloud data storage and the cyber security skill gaps to name a few. Podcast player
Conduct Risk should not be underestimated during IBOR Transition
With little more than two years to go, Libor’s cessation date continues to near. The voluntary agreement of panel banks submitting to Libor will conclude at the end of 2021, from which risk-free rates (RFR) are expected to replace Libor and similar indices. Are corporates paying enough attention to Libor updates? Libor’s cessation should be […]
ARRC acts for a smooth IBOR transition
The Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC) continues to support market participants in their efforts to transition from USD London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) towards the Securities Overnight Reference Rate (SOFR). Following the Financial Conduct Authority’s (FCA) March 2020 statement that the expected LIBOR cessation deadline remains unaltered – i.e. end of 2021 – ARRC published […]
Is Asia on its way to IBOR transition?
With Libor’s cessation date at the end of 2021 looming, global regulators are hastening their IBOR fallback strategies. Yet while market momentum has increased for multiple published RFR indices, among them the GBP SONIA, the EUR €STR, and the USD SOFR, Asian economies, some of which rank among the world’s largest, continue to lag. While […]
Climate change valuation adjustment: introducing a climate change scenario extrapolation to long dated CDS curve
The global climate crisis has triggered the financial sphere to address the way in which it conducts business. Climate risk consideration is currently growing in the banking industry but should also be considered by banks in the Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) when pricing derivatives. The credit risk for long dated derivatives (beyond 10 years), reflected […]
GDPR has controls over subcontractors in its line of fire
Like all industries, the real estate sector has to implement a range of legal, technical and organisational measures to protect the personal data of its employees, customers, prospects and suppliers. Processing must comply with several regulations related to data protection, including, for example, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), applicable since 25 May 2018. Same […]
Prudential risks for banks with a Russian presence
The invasion of Ukraine by Russia on 24 February 2022 is considered the most significant geopolitical event since the Second World War. While there is no question of military intervention by the European Union (EU) at the moment, the EU has nevertheless decided on a major package of sanctions that will have a heavy impact […]
Eurofi financial summit addresses EU’s ecological and digital transition
As a setting for exchange between European Union (EU) economic and financial regulators and senior financial sector executives from the industry, one of the world’s largest financial services conferences, Eurofi, took place in Paris in February. Established in 2000, the Eurofi meetings occur bi-annually* alongside the Economic and Financial Affairs Council configuration (ECOFIN) meetings. The […]
European crisis management framework: ripe for reform?
Since the European crisis management framework was established in 2014, there have not been many failing banks in Europe. However, the recent global health pandemic, combined with the ongoing conflict in Europe between Russia and Ukraine, could easily change this. The EU crisis management framework was established in response to the global financial crisis and […]
Sustainable finance regulations signal a sea change for insurance sector
The European Green Deal aims to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 and create a modern, competitive and resource-efficient economy. To meet its objectives, the European Commission has begun to restructure the non-financial reporting requirements for companies. Although some of the requirements were partially implemented in 2021, this is only the beginning of a real sea […]
Solvency II Directive measures to aid European economic recovery
While the European Commission’s most recent opinion on the review of the Solvency II Directive is broadly in line with the final European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIPOA) opinion issued in December 2020, some measures have now been amended. These amendments are designed to strengthen the capacity of European insurers to contribute to the […]
The digital euro: the future of central banking in Europe?
Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) continue to receive increasing attention not only from the ECB but all over the world. So far, 10 countries  have already deployed CBDC programmes with another 15 countries  currently conducting pilot programmes. In total, 105 countries are considering using CBDC programmes, representing over 95% of global GDP and […]
France steps up sustainable transformation with mission-led business law
France’s innovative and incentivising Action Plan for Business Growth and Transformation (PACTE) law lays the legal foundations for corporate social responsibility. With more than 400 companies established as “sociétés à mission” – mission-led businesses – by the end of 2021, this new scheme is an undeniable success. The number of mission-led companies has doubled in […]
The return of inflation: what consequences for banks?
For several months now, we have been in an economic and financial environment that we have not seen for some years. In May, inflation in the Eurozone reached 8.1%, with six countries exceeding 10%, while the United States recorded an 8.6% year-on-year price increase. The short-term reasons for the return of inflation are well known, […]
Russian sanctions: what implications for financial institutions?
Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March 2014, the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), together with other countries, imposed mainly economic sanctions on Russia. Since Russia’s recognition of the self-proclaimed autonomous republics of Donetsk and Lugansk, followed by Russia’s attack on Ukraine on 24 February 2022, these sanctions have taken on new […]
Reliable information key to the insurance sector’s ability to apply Green Taxonomy
The objective of the European Union’s Taxonomy regulation, in force since 1 January 2022, is twofold for the insurance and reinsurance sector. First, to measure the share of investments devoted to financing economic activities eligible for the taxonomy, known as the Investment Ratio. Second, to measure the share of gross premiums written in eligible non-life […]
The digital euro as we know it today
“I see digital as the future of finance”. These are the words of the Executive Vice President of the European Commission (EC), Valdis Dombrovskis, voiced in the summer of 2020. He has undoubtedly been proven right as governments and central banks around the world have heightened their efforts to keep oversight of the digital transition […]
European Commission adopts review of Solvency II
On 22 September, the European Commission adopted a review of Solvency II following the consultation launched by EIOPA in 2020, whose final guidance was published in December 2020. As the Commission notes, the 2020 review of the directive met several objectives: • remove the obstacles to long-term financing of the economy and redirect investment by […]
Banking: crisis, what crisis?
The rapid collapse of one of Switzerland’s most emblematic banks, following the demise of tech lenders on America’s west coast, has raised concern over banking stability. What are the consequences for the sector, the economy and for society? Gregory Marchat, Global Head of FS Advisory, and Emmanuel Dooseman, Global Head of Banking and Capital Markets, […]
European Commission to strengthen regulatory framework for bank crisis management
The European Commission published on 18 April 2023 a new legislative package aiming to adapt and strengthen the framework for crisis management and deposit insurance (CMDI), with an acute focus on small and medium-sized banks. This proposal, which follows the announcement of the Eurogroup finance ministers inviting the Commission and the European co-legislators to review […]
The European Parliament devises a new agreement to restrict access and abuse of financial services information
New measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing The European Parliament has adopted a set of stringent measures to strengthen the fight against money laundering and terror financing, alongside circumventing sanctions within EU. These regulations are presented by EU in the form of a “legislative package” comprising three key measures which provide various practical […]
EU regulatory framework on the establishment of the digital euro: from investigation to realisation
With the approaching end of the investigation phase of the ECB’s digital euro project in October 2023, and the expectance of a decision on starting a realisation phase by the end of this year, the pros and cons of a potential digital euro have been widely discussed in the past months. The topic became even […]
New reports on transaction monitoring systems and risk analysis published by the ACPR and COLB
ACPR publishes report on automated AML/CFT transaction monitoring systems In 2022, the ACPR conducted a comprehensive thematic review, focussed on the automated systems utilised by the entities under its supervision. This entails entities implementing their obligations in terms of transaction monitoring. The primary objective of this review was to assess the efficiency of the operation and […]
EU bodies update country lists of uncooperative and high-risk countries for financial services
Revised list of uncooperative countries and territories for tax purposes published by the European Council The list of uncooperative countries and territories about tax is an important part of the external tax strategy of the EU. Globally, this strategy intends to contribute to the ongoing efforts to advance good governance practices in the tax domain. […]
Equipping NEDs to challenge private investment valuations
A recent major board reshuffle in one of Europe’s largest listed investment companies has focused attention on private investment valuations. It follows concerns raised by an ex-director over the robustness of the directors’ processes for approving investment valuations. The issues primarily question whether the Board of Directors has sufficient training and experience and whether governance […]
The use of post-model adjustments to capture emerging risks
Since the Covid-19 pandemic, post-model adjustments1, or management overlays, have become an increasingly common and accepted mechanism used by banks to manage expected credit losses (ECLs). The number of post-Covid unprecedented events related to the war in Ukraine, energy crisis and global economic uncertainty has raised a number of questions relating to the consistency and […]
Bank credit risk trends show a relative decrease in high risk exposures
Despite banks emerging from the Covid-19 crisis in reasonably good health, the war in Ukraine combined with a global energy crisis and an uncertain economic landscape have once again put the spotlight on credit risk exposures. To better understand credit risk trends, Mazars conducted an analysis of 26 banks in 11 European countries in May […]
Diversity in forward-looking macroeconomic scenarios
Under IFRS 9, forward-looking information is a key component of Expected Credit Loss (ECL) calculations. However, forward-looking information requires a significant level of judgement, making comparisons difficult to navigate. Indeed, similar to the use of post-model adjustments, forward-looking scenarios have also been reported by stakeholders in the context of the IFRS 9 impairment post-implementation review […]
Eligibility ratios in the insurance sector: improved practices based on recommendations issued by regulators
2023 marks the second year in which insurance and reinsurance companies have published their eligibility ratios for the European Green Taxonomy. For the insurance sector, the objective is to measure the proportion of investments, as well as the proportion of gross premiums collected in non-life insurance, dedicated to financing economic activities in accordance with the […]
Can banks balance the opportunities and challenges of digitalisation?
The Covid-19 pandemic has amplified technology’s impact on the banking sector, helping to prove that technology now stands at the core of business sustainability for banks. In their constant search for convenience, digitally-savvy customers have pushed banks’ focus towards providing global business solutions more than ever. A new normal has emerged: an environment where banks’ […]
NPL secondary market may solve the increase in credit risk
The identification and management of non-performing loans or NPLs as early as possible by banks are among supervisors’ current high-level priorities. Indeed, when prudential, monetary, and fiscal crisis mitigation mechanisms are tapered, the weakening of borrowers’ creditworthiness could materialise, along with increasing credit risks and therefore NPLs. This expected rise of new NPLs in European […]
Do Asian market Libor preparations pose systemic risk to world markets?
Since Libor was first used in financial markets in 1986, it has become the foundation of the global interbank funding market. However, regulators ruled that Libor’s volatility during the last global financial crisis (GFC) and a rate-rigging crisis in 20121 involving the world’s largest banks exposed a fundamental weakness with the rate’s publication methodology. Yet, […]
A Tax Playbook for the Digitalised Economy (Part 2)
In a series of articles aimed at promoting debate on the evolution of international tax regimes, Michael Lennard, Chief of International Tax Cooperation and Trade in the Financing for Sustainable Development Office (FSDO) of the United Nations, discusses the tax-related challenges governments, professionals and practitioners face. Following on from the first article on this topic, […]
IBOR transition: Fallback language developments
The expected 2021 disappearance of LIBOR requires robust fallback language for cash products and derivatives alike. Industry associations have taken initiatives to reform the historic fallback language of securities, with ISDA proactively leading the way on derivatives and national working groups proposing enhancements for cash products. While the derivatives market is expected to be harmonized […]
Covid-19: Major risk considerations for the banking sector
As we continue to feel the effects of the global pandemic, the banking sector, like many other sectors, now faces unprecedented uncertainty about the economic outlook ahead. While banks go into this pandemic in a stronger position than the global financial crisis of 2008, the current environment presents particular challenges and disruption to standard accounting […]
Lessons from the spring 2023 banking turmoil: five areas for banks to focus their attention
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) and Financial Stability Board (FSB) published reports in October 2023 on the causes and lessons learnt from the Spring 2023 banking turmoil. The BCBS report provides an assessment of the causes of the banking turmoil, the regulatory and supervisory responses, and the initial lessons learnt. The FSB report […]
Progress on transitioning to SONIA
The Risk-Free Rates Working Group (RFRWG) published an update on the impact of COVID-19 on the timeline for firm’s plans to transition away from GBP LIBOR on the 29th April. While the central assumption of LIBOR’s publication being ceased after the end of 2021 remains intact, the Working Group has amended the timeline for the […]
Covid-19 US policy changes: what banks need to know
Impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic have reverberated across every part of the global economy. Small businesses are struggling to pay their employees, banks are grappling with collapsing local economies, and many borrowers across the nation cannot meet their monthly mortgage payments. Banks will play a critical role in supporting their communities through this crisis, and […]
Is SOFR a strong enough USD LIBOR alternative?
With COVID-19, being declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, financial institutions have had to shift most of their resources to mitigate the risks that have arisen. This has adversely affected important activities, one of which is market participants’ efforts to detach from LIBOR before its cessation at the end of 2021. As a result, […]
IBOR Transition: modelling of SOFR risk factors
One of the major challenges of IBOR transition is the availability of historical data on alternative risk-free rates (RFRs) required to implement interest rate model changes or re-calibration. With the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) only published since April 2018, the available time series do not provide enough observations for risk modelling. Adding to that, […]
IBOR transition and FRTB cross dependencies highlighted
The revised market risk framework – also known as the Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (‘FRTB’) – not only impacts an institution’s regulatory capital charge calculation for market risk, but also affects operational, governance and business strategies. FRTB brings significant change. With the aim of harmonising capital standards for market risks across jurisdictions and […]
IBOR transition: impacts of the SOFR discounting switch
An important milestone in the IBOR transition is the change in rates used by LCH and CME for discounting and Price Alignment Interest (PAI) calculations for USD OTC cleared swaps. Indeed, on October 16, 2020, they moved from using the daily Effective Federal Funds Rate (Fed Funds) to the Secured Overnight Funding Rate (SOFR) for […]
IBOR Transition: Modelling RFR term rates to price IR derivatives
One of the anticipated challenges in the transition from IBOR rates to risk-free rates (RFRs) is the management of its impact on quantitative models. The ones currently used for pricing IBOR-linked financial instruments account for term rates which are “forward-looking”. The RFRs replacing the IBORs are all overnight rates. This means that a term rate […]
A Tax Playbook for the Digitalised Economy (Part 1)
In a series of articles aimed at promoting debate on the evolution of international tax regimes, Michael Lennard, Chief of International Tax Cooperation and Trade in the Financing for Development Office (FfDO) of the United Nations, discusses the tax-related challenges governments, professionals and practitioners face. In the first of this two-part article, Mr Lennard expresses […]
Can regulatory systems come to terms with Facebook’s stablecoin?
Facebook’s ambition to create a transferable global digital coin between users on the social media giant’s messaging platforms WhatsApp and Messenger has been controversial from the outset. Perhaps not surprisingly, the backlash from regulators around the world was substantial from day one. The world’s leading economies were less than enthusiastic of the possibility of a […]
How banks can address supply chain risk
Local and international trends have transformed the way banks operate, affecting their capital positions and profitability. In particular, ongoing digitalisation programmes and technological innovation continue to add pressure on traditional banking models, including the supply chain. While management’s focus on capital preservation, profitability and growth for shareholders remains, risks from an operational perspective have intensified. […]
Assessing the impact of sustainable finance on insurance entities
This article is part of the series covering the impact of sustainable finance on the insurance sector. Read further:Part 2: How the insurance sector is meeting ESG challengesPart 3: Developing a toolkit for responsible investment decisions Amid a global pandemic and a rising threat of climate change, today’s society expects financial organisations to uphold strong […]
How the insurance sector is meeting ESG challenges
This article is part of the series covering the impact of sustainable finance on the insurance sector. Read further:Part 1: Assessing the impact of sustainable finance on insurance entitiesPart 3: Developing a toolkit for responsible investment decisions When taking environmental, social, and long-term asset portfolio issues into consideration, insurance companies must assess the specific risks […]
Developing a toolkit for responsible investment decisions
This article is part of the series covering the impact of sustainable finance on the insurance sector. Read further:Part 1: Assessing the impact of sustainable finance on insurance entitiesPart 2: How the insurance sector is meeting ESG challenges Clarity of information provided to various stakeholders is a growing issue for financial organisations. Despite the efforts […]
Can Africa’s banking sector maintain its growth momentum?
With more than half of the world’s fastest-growing economies located in Africa1, the continent’s economic outlook is a positive one. Average annual GDP growth since 2000 is over 5%, placing Africa as the second-fastest growing economy behind Latin America. Real GDP growth, estimated at 3.4% for 2019, is projected to accelerate to 4.1% in 2021. […]
Digitalising the real estate industry
While digital transformation has been disrupting all business sectors for many years, 2020 will be remembered for its particular impact on real estate administrators. A third of French respondents believe that artificial intelligence can be more efficient than a real estate agent. Moreover, 40% of those under 50 years old are convinced that the property […]
Shaping the future of banking with 5G
Over the past decade, the financial services industry has been disrupted by the arrival of new players whose rise to prominence has pushed traditional banks – previously faced with little competition – to transform themselves. In this context, technology and innovation, particularly 5G, will allow the most skilful and agile banking organisations to take advantage […]
Key takeaways & industry challenges following the ECB TRIM project – a focus on CCR (Part 1)
Click here to read ‘Key takeaways & industry challenges following the ECB TRIM project – a focus on credit risk (Part 2)’ As articulated by the ECB in its recent TRIM reporting, the 236 findings cover different key aspects of supervised entities Internal Model Method (IMM) models & frameworks. Remediation actions are underway in all […]
Key takeaways & industry challenges following the ECB TRIM project – a focus on credit risk (Part 2)
The Targeted Review of Internal Models (TRIM) was one of the largest projects by the European Central Bank (ECB) aimed at identifying potential sources of unwarranted or non-risk based variability in Significant Institutions (SIs) risk-weighted assets (RWA) from the use of Pillar 1 internal models such as Probability of Default (PD), Loss Given Default (LGD) […]
Achieving digital operational resilience
The digitalisation of banking processes and the introduction of AI-led technology impact the central and strategic role of information systems within the banking system. The growing use of information and communication technology (ICT) exposes all financial institutions to an increasing level of digital risk that could weaken their operational resilience, in particular, due to more […]
2021: The year of Brexit for banks
Brexit, or the UK’s departure from the European Union, became a reality on 1 January 2021. In terms of the regulatory impact for the financial sector, and the banking sector in particular, the UK being a third country, UK banks can no longer benefit from the European passport for their continental activities. Therefore, they can […]
Five steps to transforming banking operating models
With the current ultra-low interest rate environment and market volatility having a negative impact on banks’ returns and, ultimately, their capital positions, operating models must quickly adapt and become more cost-efficient to maintain profitability. This drive for cost-efficiency has become more apparent as innovation in technology and ongoing digitalisation have further upended traditional banking systems […]
Raising the bar
One of the key takeaways of integrated reporting is that non-financial information ultimately has an impact on a company’s value. It’s for this reason that insurance giant Generali – an international Group based in Italy – prefers to use the term pre-financial rather than non-financial information. For Massimo Romano, who leads Generali’s Group Integrated Reporting […]